Sites are typically clustered in areas that have been used for heavy industry or intensive agriculture or exist as individual sites that have been used for chemical storage, such as service stations and dry cleaning sites.
In very broad terms, the management framework for contaminated land in NSW consists of two tiers
- the Environment Protection Authority (EPA), which uses its powers under the Contaminated Land Management Act 1997 (CLM Act) to deal with site contamination that is significant enough to warrant regulation under the Act given the site’s current or approved use
- local councils who deal with other contamination under the planning and development framework, including State Environmental Planning Policy No. 55 - Remediation of Land and the Managing Land Contamination - Planning Guidelines, on sites which, though contaminated, do not pose an unacceptable risk under their current or approved use. In these cases, the planning and development process determines what remediation is needed to make the land suitable for a different use.
Contaminated land management
- Role of the EPA (including steps in regulating sites under the CLM Act)
- Role of planning authorities
- Process and outcomes of the review of the CLM Act
- Policy on former unhealthy building land sites
The NSW site auditor scheme aims to ensure proper management of contaminated land by providing a pool of accredited 'site auditors' who can be engaged to review investigation, remediation and validation work conducted by contaminated land consultants.
- Details of all guidelines under the CLM Act made or approved by the EPA
- Environment protection notices issued under the CLM Act, the names of sites and owners or occupiers and copies of site audit statements
- Information on engaging a consultant for contaminated site investigations and remediation in NSW
- Information on former gasworks sites
- Laws applying to underground petroleum storage systems
- Information on preventative approaches
- Technical guidance on vapour intrusion (PDF 238KB)
- The Protection of the Environment Legislation Amendment Act 2014 commenced 1 January 2015 and amends the Contaminated Land Management Act 1997 and Radiation Control Act 1990. Find out more about the Protection of the Environment Legislation Amendment Act 2014.
- State of the Environment 2015
Review of Procedural Guide
Download the Review of the EPA's Contaminated Land Management Act 1997 Procedural Guide (PDF 226KB), prepared by Emeritus Professor Chris Fell AM & Emeritus Professor Stephen Leeder AO.