Guidance for using 1080

All 1080 pesticide products are classified as restricted pesticides because of the risks they pose to the environment, wildlife and domestic animals. To minimise these risks, you must use 1080 products according to the directions in one or more of the relevant pesticide control orders. You must also be trained in the use of 1080 and pindone before using these pesticides.

Contact your local Local Land Services office for further details.

This page provides information about

  • safe use of 1080
  • complying with legal requirements
  • training requirements for using 1080

1080 pesticide control orders

The Pesticide Control (1080 Bait Products) Order 2017 (PDF 667KB) commenced on 10 February 2017 and is in force until it is cancelled or replaced by another 1080 PCO. It replaces the Pesticide Control (1080 Liquid Concentrate and Bait Products) Order 2010.

The order

  • authorises the use of all 1080 pesticide products in NSW
  • defines who can use 1080
  • sets conditions on how 1080 can be used and where
  • sets requirements for recovery and disposal of 1080 baits, containers and animal carcasses
  • provides for using and labelling unregistered 1080 bait material

The order has 4 schedules that set out the conditions for using 1080 to control

  • wild dogs
  • foxes
  • feral pigs
  • rabbits

Remember that you must follow the detailed instructions in

  • the 1080 PCO, and
  • the schedule for the pest animal that you want to control

If you wish to control feral deer or goats, refer to the 1080 Ungulate Feeder (PDF 515KB) PCO.

Two other 1080 PCOs are in force. They are

 

Find out more

Strict penalties may apply if you do not comply with a PCO. Under the Pesticides Act 1999, the maximum penalties are

  • $60,000 for an individual
  • $120,000 for a corporation

More information about penalties

Background information

Pest animals and invasive plants are a threat to agriculture and forestry. 1080 (pronounced 'ten-eighty') is the common name given to the poison sodium fluoroacetate that is used as a vertebrate pesticide in NSW to control specific pest animals

1080 pesticides are used in liquid concentrate and ready-to-use bait products.

Using 1080 as a liquid concentrate

Only Authorised Control Officers (ACOs) can use 1080 liquid concentrate products. These officers have undergone specific training and received accreditation in the preparation and use of vertebrate poisons such as 1080.

ACOs are employed by

  • Local Land Services (formerly Livestock Health and Pest Authority)
  • Office of Environment & Heritage (NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service)
  • Wild Dog Destruction Board
  • other NSW public authorities

Using 1080 baits

You must read and follow the requirements set out in Pesticide Control (1080 Bait Products) Order 2017 (PDF 667KB) and the relevant schedule.

Obtaining the baits

Always obtain 1080 baits as close as possible to the time you need to use them. 

You can only obtain baits from an ACO. Before supplying the baits, the ACO must give you

  • an indemnity or consent form to fill in and sign for every property on which the 1080 baits will be used – you will be given a copy of the signed form for your records
  • a copy of the 1080 PCO and the schedule relating to the pest animal you plan to target

The ACO may do a risk assessment before supplying the 1080 baits if

  • you have not used 1080 before, or
  • you are part of a group baiting program

The ACO will also check if you, or the person for whom you are collecting the baits, has been trained in pesticide use as required by the Pesticides Regulation 2009. When asked, you should show the ACO a copy of the pesticides training accreditation.

The Pesticides Regulation provides an occasional use exemption for 1080 and pindone which allows use under supervision without the need for training, in agricultural or forestry situations.

If you are not the person who will use the baits, check the relevant schedule for details of

  • whether you are authorised to receive or possess this type of bait
  • what you are expected to do

Store 1080 bait products legally

You can only temporarily keep and store 1080 products on your property. Make sure you read section 2 of the schedule of the PCO for the pest you are targeting, so you know what conditions apply.

Always store baits in a lockable storage area and away from children, animal or human food, seed and fertiliser.

Notify neighbours

Before you begin 1080 baiting, you must notify all neighbours whose property boundary lies within 1 kilometre of where you will be applying the 1080 baits.

You must give at least 3 days’ prior notice before you lay 1080 baits. If you do not start baiting within 10 days of notifying your neighbours, you will need to notify them again before you lay any baits.

If the property is larger than 100 hectares, you must notify all neighbours whose property boundary lies within 1 kilometre of the area of your property where 1080 baits will be used.

Neighbours can be notified by

  • telephone
  • email
  • in person

If none of these options are possible you may notify your neighbours by mail, including a letterbox drop. 

If your neighbours cannot be contacted by any of these methods, or you have more than 25 neighbours, you may notify them by placing an advertisement in a local newspaper.

Put up 1080 poison notices (signs)

Before you begin baiting, you must put up signs that warn people you are using 1080 baits on your property. These must be placed at

  • the main entrance to a private property or holding
  • every entry point to the baiting location
  • up to 5 km intervals along public thoroughfares that border or pass through the baiting location

1080 poison notices can be obtained from ACOs.

The notice must include information about

  • the specific type of baits to be laid on the property, for example, 1080 wild dog bait
  • when the baits will be laid
  • contact details of the person who will lay the baits
  • a warning that other animals may be affected, such as domestic dogs

These notices must remain in place for a minimum of 4 weeks after the last day 1080 baits are used.

Aerial baiting requirements

 Use ground baiting instead of aerial baiting if possible. Aerial baiting can only be done in certain circumstances and with certain types of 1080 bait products. There may also be restrictions on what type of aircraft can be used.

Aerial baiting on your property must be approved by the Local Land Service. For more details, see section 8 in the schedule of the Pesticide Control (1080 Bait Products) Order 2017 (PDF 667KB) for the pest you are targeting.

Distance restrictions for aerial baiting are usually different from those for ground baiting.

Distance restrictions for 1080 baits

You must lay baits a specified distance from property boundaries, habitations, waterways and public roads. These distances are set out in section 4 of each schedule.

If you are part of a group baiting program, check section 4 in the schedule for details about exemptions that apply for

  • property boundaries
  • human habitation for all vertebrate pests
  • the habitation of the person using 1080 baits

Remember: Distance restrictions are different for ground and aerial baiting.

Recovery and disposal of 1080 products and containers

When you have finished using 1080 baits on your property, you should, where practical, collect any untaken or unused baits and return them to the ACO.

If you cannot return them to the ACO, the baits must be disposed of by burial (minimum of 500 mm depth) in a disposal pit on your property that is clear of waterways.

When you are part of a coordinated program, the ACO can approve bait disposal on another property if necessary.

Containers that have held 1080 must be buried. Plastic bags that have held 1080 can be buried or burnt. Full instructions are set out in section 3 of each schedule of the 1080 PCO.

Recovery and disposal of carcasses

As far as possible, you must recover carcasses of poisoned animals and bury them in accordance with condition 3.12 of the relevant schedule.

Training

The 1080 and pindone pesticide control orders set out training requirements for the use of these pesticides. Within the last 5 years, you must have completed

Note: If you use other pesticides you are still required to meet the general training requirements under the Pesticides Regulation 2009.

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