On 12 September 2011 the NSW Government commenced a major program of regulatory initiatives in response to the Orica incident in Koorangang Island. As part of this program the EPA conducted an audit program targeting industries across NSW that pose a high risk of environmental harm.
The EPA audited 40 premises that pose a high environmental risk in NSW and included facilities that store toxic, hazardous or dangerous substances in large quantities or volumes; including oil refineries, chemical processing plants, large chemical and gas storage depots and large chemical warehouses. These industries, largely located in the Sydney, Newcastle and Wollongong regions, have a potential for high environmental harm if appropriate controls are not in place to manage the risks.
The audit program focused on the management of potential risks to human health and the environment by these premises, and the adequacy of emergency response procedures for managing major environmental incidents.
This is about making sure that industries that pose a high risk to the environment have controls in place to manage major risks and have appropriate emergency response and reporting procedures to respond if these controls fail.
The summary report Management of Environmental Risks and Emergencies: Compliance Audit Program (PDF 218KB) is available.
Questions and answers
Who was audited?
The EPA audited facilities that store, handle or process very hazardous, toxic or dangerous chemicals in large quantities or volumes and are generally located in residential areas and/or near sensitive receiving environments. The audit program focused on the management of potential risks to human health and the environment by these premises, and the adequacy of emergency response procedures for managing major environmental incidents.
In total 40 premises were audited by the EPA - 34 premises regulated by the EPA, and another six premises regulated by the councils.
- 26 in the Sydney region
- 7 in the Hunter region
- 2 in the Illawarra region
- 5 in regional NSW
When were the audits completed?
All audit inspections were completed by mid December 2011 and all audit reports have been finalised.
How did you decide who should be audited?
The audit targeted industries that pose a high risk of environmental harm through chemical production and storage, petroleum and fuel production, bulk shipping, dangerous goods production, waste storage and metallurgical activities.
A further consideration was the proximity of any company to local communities.
What were the findings of the audit?
The EPA found that most of the facilities audited had appropriate systems in place to manage environmental risks and respond to emergencies. However there were a number of areas that needed attention or improvement, including:
- appropriate environmental controls in place to minimise air and water impacts
- regular monitoring and testing of the effectiveness of any environmental controls
- stormwater management
- up-to-date emergency response plans
- providing timely written reports to the EPA and
- advertising the public complaints line as a ‘complaints line’.
What action has the EPA taken?
The audit identified 62 non-compliances (15 for council regulated premises) and 14 of them were considered serious or ‘high risk’ (two for council regulated premises).
The high risk non-compliances included hazardous chemicals being stored without adequate containment, a valve installed to prevent contaminated water entering stormwater not operating properly, and an emergency response plan not having clear procedures in the case of an emergency.
The EPA and councils took action against every non-compliance identified as part of the audit. To date the majority of issues have been rectified.
Did the EPA issue any penalty infringement notices to any of the facilities audited?
The EPA took strong regulatory action against the most serious offences, including issuing:
eight prevention notices
four penalty notices
two legal binding pollution reduction programs and
16 warning letters.
Who carried out the audits?
The audits were carried out by trained EPA officers and council officers, and included accredited auditors.
What did the on site audits involve?
The EPA team of auditors and council officers inspected the facilities and focused on their management of potential environmental risks and the adequacy of emergency response procedures for managing major environmental pollution incidents.
Why were facilities given prior warning of the EPA inspections?
All of the companies audited were advised that EPA was undertaking an audit program, but they were not advised of the actual day of the audit inspections. Prior notification was given as the EPA required facilities to provide details of potential risks and their emergency response plans before the audits commenced so that the audits could focus on priority environmental issues.
Is the EPA planning any further audits?
The EPA will be conducting a further audit program on licensees’ compliance with the new requirements to prepare pollution incident management response plans. Licensees need to have these plans in place by 1 September 2012.
The EPA will also continue to conduct compliance and enforcement activities to ensure facilities are complying with licence requirements and the issues identified by the audits do not re-occur.
Why wasn’t an audit of Orica, Kooragang Island undertaken?
Following the 8 August 2011 incident, the EPA required Orica to undertake a comprehensive mandatory audit of its Kooragang Island premises. The audit is being conducted by an independent audit team who have been approved by the EPA. The audit is systematically assessing the plant’s operational practices and procedures to ensure that it operates in an environmentally satisfactory manner. The audit will also provide advice on any improvements that can be made. An audit of the ammonia plant is currently being conducted with a report to be provided to the EPA by 1 July 2012.
Audited EPA regulated premises
|Licence number||Accountable party||Location||Link to PDF|
|11690||AUSTRALIAN PETRO CHEMICAL STORAGE PTY LTD||Ingleburn||120333AuditAusPetroChem.pdf (200KB)|
|6092||BLUESCOPE STEEL (AIS) PTY. LTD.||Port Kembla||120330AuditBluescope.pdf (840KB)|
|10095||BOC LIMITED||Cringila||120327AuditBOC.pdf (408KB)|
|13141||BOC LIMITED||Wagga Wagga||120332AuditBOCWagga.pdf (193KB)|
|6679||BOC LIMITED||Wetherill Park||120331AuditBOCSydney.pdf (199KB)|
|837||CALTEX REFINERIES (NSW) PTY LTD||Kurnell||120300AuditCaltex.pdf (221KB)|
|12259||COREGAS PTY LTD||Yennora||120328AuditCoregas.pdf (234KB)|
|4458||DEGREMONT PTY LIMITED||Wetherill Park||120302AuditProspect.pdf (698KB)|
|12325||DOWNER EDI MINING - BLASTING SERVICES PTY LTD||Singleton||120301AuditDowner.pdf (135KB)|
|12158||DYNO NOBEL ASIA PACIFIC PTY LIMITED||Warkworth||120307AuditDyno.pdf (143KB)|
|10698||ELGAS LTD||Port Botany||120305AuditElgasLPGCavern.pdf (191KB)|
|20023||ELGAS LTD||Blacktown||120306AuditElgasBlacktown.pdf (511KB)|
|2695||HC EXTRACTIONS PTY LTD||Kurnell||120303AuditHcExtractions.pdf (140KB)|
|7494||HUNTSMAN CORPORATION AUSTRALIA PTY LIMITED||Matraville||120308AuditHuntsman.pdf (674KB)|
|11781||INCITEC PIVOT LIMITED||Kooragang island||120310AuditIncitecPivot.pdf(142KB)|
|11793||INCITEC FERTILIZERS LIMITED||Moree||120309AuditIncitecFertilisers.pdf (186KB)|
|5104||LYONDELLBASELL AUSTRALIA PTY LTD||Rosehill||120329AuditLyondellbasell.pdf (143KB)|
|11220||ORICA AUSTRALIA PTY LTD||Ravensworth (Lidell)||120304AuditOrica1.pdf (457KB)|
|2148||ORICA AUSTRALIA PTY LTD||Matraville||120325AuditOrica2.pdf (302KB)|
|245||ORIGIN ENERGY LPG LIMITED||Port Botany||120314AuditOrigin.pdf (168KB)|
|3530||PAX AUSTRALIA PTY LTD||Ingleburn||120311AuditPax.pdf (161KB)|
|2934||POOL RESOURCES PTY LTD||Bankstown||120313AuditPool.pdf (357KB)|
|10000||QENOS PTY LTD||Matraville|
|464||QENOS PTY LTD||Port Botany||120312AuditQenosFriendship.pdf (144KB)|
|13154||RECKITT BENCKISER (AUSTRALIA) PTY LIMITED||Erskine Park||120315AuditReckitt.pdf (237KB)|
|661||SHELL REFINING (AUSTRALIA) PROPRIETARY LIMITED||Greenwich||120322AuditShellGoreBay.pdf (451KB)|
|570||SHELL REFINING (AUSTRALIA) PROPRIETARY LIMITED||Camellia (Rosehill)||120317AuditShellClyde.pdf (289KB)|
|1255||SOLVAY INTEROX PTY LTD||Banksmeadow||120318AuditSolvay.pdf (179KB)|
|n/a – EPA as ARA||SYDNEY WATER CORPORATION||Warragamba||120321AuditSydWater.pdf (341KB)|
|6152||TOLL NORTH PTY LTD||Arndell Park||120319AuditToll.pdf (148KB)|
|12485||UNITED INITIATORS PTY LIMITED||Banksmeadow||120323AuditUnited.pdf (167KB)|
|6007||VOPAK TERMINALS SYDNEY PTY LIMITED||Port Botany||120320AuditVopak1.pdf (615KB)|
|6581||VOPAK TERMINALS SYDNEY PTY LIMITED||Port Botany||120326AuditVopak2.pdf (614KB)|
|11308||WOODCHEM AUSTRALIA PTY. LIMITED||Oberon||120324AuditWoodchem.pdf (337KB)|